Jul 222011

Original article By Monica Aguilar on usemoslinux.blogspot.com

Problems of space? Perhaps the fault is not entirely of your music files, images and video, but installation packages and unnecessary dependencies in the system. But do not despair, there are some options of apt-get that can help solve these problems.


APT is Advanced Packing Tool ,  which is responsible for managing the packages to install and UNINSTALL, and their respective dependencies. <APT was created for Debian , and designed to work with dpkg , but now some​​modifications have been done to work with the package manager RPM with apt-rpm.


It is a tool of APT used on console , ie not use graphical interface, as well as aptitude . Other available variants are Synaptic and Adept . This package manager is used by distros like Debian , Ubuntu (all flavors), LinuxMint , EdulibreOS , Knoppix , Xandros , Trisquel , Canaima , Finnix , MEPIS , VENENUX , Tuquito and other Debian-based distros .


When space is a problem, and the system itself notifies you of this, maybe it’s time to clean the folder /var/cache/apt/archives , where are stored the packages needed to install programs and applications. To know how much space these files are occupying, you can run in console the following command:

du -hs  /var/cache/apt/archives
300M   /var/cache/apt/archives

To reclaim the space, use the following commands:

sudo apt-get autoclean

This command remove from the cache packages .deb that have an older release than the programs you have installed.

sudo apt-get clean

Remove all the packages from the cache. The only drawback might be is if you want to reinstall a package, you have to download it again.

sudo apt-get autoremove

This command deletes orphaned packages, or dependencies that are installed after you install an application and then remove it, so they are no longer needed.

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  3 Responses to “How to free some space with apt-get”

  1. You might be better off with apt-get --purge autoremove as it will also remove config files and -more important as it cleans dead subdirectories from the documentation tree- entries from /usr/share/doc.

  2. Finalmente questo argomento é spiegato bene e ho capito le differenze tra autoclean, clean e autoremove.

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